Tony was naughty as a child rummaging around the house creating a mess and would also bring frequent complaints about his inattentive behaviour in the classes. No efforts from his mother to handle him or to capture his attention on a particular thing seemed to last more than few minutes. Finally, his mother consulted a doctor who prescribed attention deficit hyperactivity disorder treatment. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD refers to a common behavioural disorder which occurs in around 10 percent of the school going children. This disorder is more frequent in boys rather than girls, though the exact reason is not yet properly understood.
The children suffering from ADHD fail to pay attention to anything and act without prior thinking. Often children are restless when they become excited or happy. However, the symptoms of ADHD are contrast and prevail for a longer period of time. It also disrupts a child’s academic as well as social behaviour. The symptoms of the disorder can be divided into three types as follows:
- The inattentive children: The child under this group are often seen to create silly mistakes and errors in academics due to their inability in paying due attention. They also fail to follow any instructions and often shun away from activities requiring mental effort. A child may also fail to listen properly due to the inattentiveness and often would lose belongings.
- The hyperactive or impulsive children: Under this category, the children would constantly fidget and would fail to remain seated. They are always on the go and are impatient to wait for their turn at a queue. The children would talk excessively even answering questions before hearing them properly.
- A combined type which include symptoms of both above types.
Though ADHD do not have a complete cure, but it can be managed by certain successful attention deficit hyperactivity disorder treatment. The treatment would aim at controlling the behaviour of the child through medications and behavioural therapies. The doctor would then regularly follow up the treatment process through checkups. The treatments include:
- Use of stimulants which has been the well known treatment from a long time. However, the use of stimulants leads to certain side effects like stomach aches, less appetite and insomnia. Non stimulants can also be used as an alternative to stimulants and it was first approved as a good treatment method in the year 2003.
- Behavioural therapies which changes the behaviour patterns of the child by changing the environment settings of home and school of the child. It also provides awards for good behaviours and negative effects for improper behaviour which encourages the child to behave well for earning rewards. Through this method, a proper routine involving an organized lifestyle is set up for the child to follow every day. Distractions like television and frequent computer games are reduced and interactions with the child are also changed. Attempts are also made to imbibe a creative talent in the child for his good.
Parent training and alternative treatments like occupational therapies and tutoring can also be sought as a help to help cure the children with such diseases.